The gender identity of non-binary people is outside the limits of a strict male-female dichotomy. As a gender identity, it is independent of biological sex (male, female or intersex) and sexual orientation (heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual or pansexual). Non-binary individuals are considered gender minorities, but there are differences between them and transgender people (see Glossary). Unfortunately, transgender individuals and communities suffer from alarming levels of violence and discrimination.
This section provides information on the staggering rates of violence faced by trans and non-binary people, although it should be noted that the data are limited. In addition to experiencing high rates of domestic and sexual violence, trans and non-binary individuals are often subject to transphobic hate crimes and state violence. Non-binary people face a unique set of challenges due to their gender identity. They may experience difficulty in accessing healthcare, employment opportunities, education, housing, and other services.
They may also face discrimination in public spaces such as restaurants, stores, and other places. Furthermore, they may be subjected to verbal abuse or physical violence due to their gender identity. Non-binary individuals may also experience difficulty in finding acceptance from family members and friends. They may be rejected by their families or face discrimination from their peers.
This can lead to feelings of isolation and loneliness. In addition to these challenges, non-binary individuals may also face legal issues. In some states, they may not be able to obtain legal recognition for their gender identity. This can lead to difficulties in obtaining identification documents such as driver's licenses or passports.
Non-binary individuals also face challenges in terms of representation in the media. They are often portrayed as stereotypes or caricatures rather than as real people with real lives. This can lead to feelings of invisibility and erasure.